七.  東大寺

東大寺有三大日本國寶,即大佛殿(東大寺金堂)、盧舍那大佛(本尊)與八角燈籠。東大寺為世界現存最大古代木造建築,供奉青佛銅座,大約於1200年前建置,現為國寶之一。東大寺建於西元752年,1998年古奈良歷史遺跡被列入世界文化遺產。本尊大佛高15米,莊嚴肅穆,另金剛力士像亦頗為威嚴鋼壯。

東大寺前庭鹿群閒閒的等待旅人餵食鹿瓶,為怕攻擊旅客,鹿角大多已剪掉,看來均頗為溫馴,在前庭中有定點小販販售蕃薯香味可聞,看似頗為可口。院內“二月堂”等建築均頗為古樸,進入庭內在前方置有池塘,水波平靜,樹木倒影頗為美雅。東大寺建築亦可說是仿唐式鉅構,頗為莊嚴,屋頂金色鳳凰,在藍天之下閃閃發光,可惜櫻花雖已含苞,但尚候春來花開,如今看到的只是枯枝而已。寺內置有一段未用之鉅木原木,表示樑柱原木均為鉅大木頭,同時後殿有一柱子,木心下置一個空洞,可供鑽身而過,倘能進入並順利出來代表福全也。院區內另有神社,惜時間受限未能一遊。院區旁另有客室,有一石柱表明明治天皇曾入住於此。

八.  神戶港與摩塞克購物廣場

進入神戶港區可看到數棟別具風味之建築,且有摩天輪可高空觀賞港區風光,購物廣場在港區邊,可供遊人來此觀光消費。

九.  舞子海上觀景步道與明石大橋

明石海峽大橋,全長3911公尺,支撐懸索之兩座主塔間距長1991公尺,為世界第一吊橋,連接神戶與淡路島,主塔高度為海拔297公尺,在塔上可眺望大阪灣與瀨戶內海全景。而“舞子海上觀景步道”是強化玻璃所製,往下看可清楚看到海水,尤其是玻璃觀景區中間有一木製長坂走在上面更能從高空中清楚看到腳底下之海水。在舞子公園區內有孫中山紀念館因未在遊覽規劃上只能由橋塔上攝影留念。

家人在祈願牆上紛紛寫下願望,如“天佑Taiwan“、”身體健康 未來美好”、“中威力採 大樂透頭獎”、“買新房子(且限定70坪,有停車位,面仁愛林蔭大道)”、…,努力吧!我可愛的家人們!

十. 花之棧道—花海與橿原皇家溫泉飯店

位於北淡路島面對明石大橋與大阪灣,約有16公頃之花卉山丘,可欣賞四季花卉,我們冬天來此花謝葉枯,來春之際一定花海錦簇美麗可觀,此地也有展望台可看四野風光,今日來此因風大又冷,只好隨而快速避入休憩所看觀光紀念品了。進入南淡路島溫泉飯店前,已看到道路兩旁積雪盈寸,樹梢枝椏間亦落雪甚多,而路上雪花飛絮,紛紛飄散,可惜還是未能看到大雪紛飛的景觀,可說是本次旅行最大遺憾。皇家溫泉飯店可泡湯賞海景。

十一. 淡路夢舞台、WESTiN飯店的海之教堂光影十字架

大阪關西國際機場開發時,是由北淡路島目前威士汀飯店所在地之山坡掘土填海而成,機場完成後,此地山坡甚為荒廢,因此地主號召將本地由威士汀飯店建造觀光旅館,並由安藤忠雄設計,本飯店可說是“夢舞台”的入口,以清水、混凝土為主的建築,令人有原始風味的感覺,大廳花形座椅與設計均值參觀。不過“海之教堂”內利用天窗光影投射在教堂前方壁上之十字架光影,最值觀賞。

“夢舞台”是原來的山坡,除後方再次造林外,前方山坡則稱為“百段苑”上的花圃,底下的水道階梯,將自然與美景混合在一起,更看出尊重自然的原始設計理念。

十二. 道頓堀、心齋橋與大阪城天守閣

道頓堀為大阪市區內運河邊的商店街,是觀光客必來之地,而心齋橋商店街正好位於道頓堀商店區之內,為商店繁華區。道頓堀河水整治潔淨,據說未來將建築河上游泳池呢!街上亦有街頭畫家展售作品。大阪城天守閣,本城為日本戰國時代豐臣秀吉所建造,被譽為日本第一名城。進入城門前,可看到寬闊的護城河與石造城牆,在櫻花枯枝前看來甚為雄壯,城基大石與城牆鉅石在建造時是由各地大名諸侯供應,城外有豐臣秀吉立姿銅像座與神社,因時間已晚未進入參觀。

城區另有博物館亦未進入參觀,城內有老人獨坐養鴿。進入電梯直上天守閣五樓展示豐臣秀吉時代之歷史資料,六樓為大阪夏之鎮屏風,介紹真田幸村與松平忠直兩隊之激戰情形,七樓介紹豐臣秀吉之生涯以及大阪城原址本為石山本願寺改建而來之經過,八樓為展望台,可看到整個大阪城公園,公園內植有1250株梅花,4500株櫻花,春天來此百花怒放,當為最好攝影地了。

2012.1.26



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